[Ilovemyshape.com] Cancer which occurs in the colon or large intestines is called Colon cancer. That which also occurs in the rectum is also called rectal cancer. These two different types of cancers together are often called colorectal cancer. In the initial stages of the disease, most of them are not that harmful. They would usually begin as adenomatous polyps – small clumps of cells which are noncancerous. Some of these polyps later turn into colon cancer.
As mentioned previously, Polyps sometimes produce few or no symptoms at all. However, you can prevent them from becoming cancerous by removing them early. Your doctor may, therefore, suggest to regular screening tests to help identify and get rid of the polyps before they turn into colon cancer. Below are some colon cancer symptoms to help you figure out whether you need to go see your doctor right away.
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What To Know About Colon Cancer Symptoms
Colon Cancer Symptoms include constipation or diarrhoea; blood in stool (often referred to as rectal bleeding); feelings of your bowel not emptying completely; fatigue or weakness; persistent discomfort in your abdomen – such as pain, gas or cramps; change in stool consistency, that may last for a long period; change in bowel habits; unexplained weight loss etc.
In the early stages of the colon cancer, lots of people do not experience any symptoms at all. However, when they do appear, they are likely to vary among people. This may largely depend on the particular location of cancer in the colon as well as its size.
When you Need To See A Doctor
When you notice any colon cancer symptoms such as having a persistent change in your bowel habits or blood in stool, you should see your doctor as soon as possible. Confirm from your doctor when it’s appropriate to begin screenings for colon cancer. Generally, colon cancer screening is recommended to begin from the age of 50 years. When your doctor discovers that you have other risk factors, such as genetics or family history of the disease, he may suggest an early or a more regular screening.
Causes Of Colon Cancer
It is usually not clear what causes colon cancer. According to doctors, however, when healthy a cell in the colon develops a mutation or error in its DNA, it may result in colon cancer.
In order to help keep your body functioning appropriately, healthy cells grow and split in an orderly way. However, when there’s a mutation in the DNA of a cell – in other words when cells in your colon become cancerous, they continue to divide even when new ones are not needed. These form a tumour when they accumulate.
The cancerous cells would grow to destroy the healthy tissues around it. Moreover, these cancer cells can migrate to other parts of the body. Only a small percentage of colon cancer results from gene mutation which is inherited or passed through families. Although inherited gene mutation presents an increased risk of getting the disease, it doesn’t make colon cancer inevitable.
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Diet & Colon Cancer
According to studies, there is a close link between the risk of colon cancer and the typical western diet, which is very low in fibre and high in fat. Usually, the risk of getting colon cancer increases significantly when people migrate from areas where the diet is high in fibre and low in fat to an area where western diet is often eaten.
Colon cancer usually affects the underlying inflammation that sometimes contributes to the risk of cancer or the microbes that reside within the colon. It is not clear why this happens. Researchers are still trying to find out whether a diet low in fibre and high in fat is that which causes this.
Another risk factor that affects colon cancer is old age. Although colon cancer can affect younger people, it usually affects older people. most of the people that are diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50 years.
The race of a person is another risk factor for colon cancer. African Americans have a higher risk of acquiring colon cancer than people belonging to other races.
You will have a higher risk of getting colon cancer in the future. If you are someone who has already had adenomatous polyps or colon cancer before. Another thing can increase your risk of getting colon cancer are genetic syndromes passed on from family generations. These syndromes encompass hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and familial adenomatous polyposis. These are also referred to us lynch syndrome.
When there is a history of colon cancer in your family, you have a high risk of getting the disease. For instance, if your mother, father or any close relative like your child or sibling has gotten colon cancer before. Your risk of getting the disease is even greater if more than one family member has had the disease before.
High-fat and low fibre diet, or diet, which is high in calories can also contribute to colon cancer. Research in this area has had mixed results.
According to some studies, there is an increased risk of having colon cancer when your diet is high in processed meat and red meat. Again, when you happen to be a person who is not physically active, you have a high risk of getting colon cancer. This is to say that, one of the simplest ways you can prevent or reduce your risk of getting the disease is to get engaged in regular physical exercise.
These are some risk factors and few colon cancer symptoms from I Love My Shape. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms or suspect you have a high risk of getting the disease, it’s better to see your doctor immediately so the polyps can be removed before they become cancerous.
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