[Keyzofhealth.com] Type 2 diabetes, also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the metabolism of glucose (sugar) in your body. As you may already know, sugar is a very important fuel of your body. Insulin is a hormone that controls the transfer of sugar into the cells in your body. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin in order to maintain an appropriate level of glucose or actually rejects the insulin effects. Although the disease is prevalent in adults, as childhood obesity is on the constant increase today, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as well.
There is, in fact, no cure for the disease, however, when you eat well, maintain a healthy weight and also exercise, you may be able to control the condition. You may also require insulin therapy or diabetes medications if you are not able to properly control the glucose level of your blood with exercise and proper diet. In the following article, I Love My Shape has compiled some type 2 diabetes symptoms and their risk factors.
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Learn About Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms & Risk Factors
Symptoms And Causes
Type 2 diabetes symptoms often build up gradually. As a matter of fact, you can have type 2 diabetes for several years and not even be aware of it. Some of the type 2 diabetes symptoms to look out for include urinating frequently and feeling thirsty all the time. This is usually caused by the sugar which has built up in excess within your blood stream thereby causing the absorption of liquid from the tissues. This may make you feel thirsty and thus, drink and urinate frequently.
You also experience hunger often when you have type 2 diabetes. Without insulin to transfer sugar into your cells, your organs and muscles will lose energy and this triggers extreme hunger. Again, you tend to experience weight loss even when you eat more than your usual amount of food. When your body is not able to metabolise sugar properly, it begins to depend on other sources of fuel stored in fat and muscle. As the excess glucose is released into the urine calories are lost as excess sugar.
Another type 2 diabetes symptom is fatigue. When there is a lack of sugar in your cells, it may make you feel irritable and tired. Again you may experience blurred vision when the glucose level in your blood is too high. Often times fluid may be extracted from the lens of your eyes when the glucose level in your blood is too high thereby affecting your ability to focus.
When you are experiencing type 2 diabetes, it affects your body’s ability to resist infections. For instance, when you have a sour, it may take a very long time before healing. Some people who have the disease may also experience velvety, dark, patches skin in creases or folds on their body – most specifically their neck and armpits. This condition, often called acanthosis nigricans, may be an indication that your body is resisting insulin.
Scientists are still yet to know why exactly the pancreas stops releasing insulin. However, environment factors, such as not being active, and excess weight, may play a key role in bringing about the disease. Genetics is also thought to be a contributing factor.
Risk Factors Of Type 2 Diabetes
Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more fatty tissues you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin. However, you don’t always have to be overweight to develop type 2 diabetes – fat distribution is also a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The probability of getting the disease is also great when your body basically stores fat in your abdomen, than other parts of the body like the thighs and hips.
Again your risk of getting the disease is great when you happen to be an inactive person. When you do lots of physical activities, you are able to use up sugar as energy and this makes your cells much more insulin sensitive. Engaging in physical activities, therefore, helps to control your weight which helps to prevent type two diabetes.
Some races of people are more likely to acquire type 2 diabetes than others. For instance, Hispanics, blacks, Asians and American Indians have a higher risk of contracting the disease than whites although many scientists are not sure why this is so. Again when you have a sibling or parent that has type 2 diabetes, your risk of getting the disease is high.
Another risk factor is age. As your get older, especially around 45 years and beyond, your risk of getting the disease is higher. It may be so because we normally engaged in less exercise and are less active as grow old. Moreover, as you grow old, you tend to gain weight and lose muscles. However, the disease recently also affects adolescents, children, and younger adults.
In the initial stages of the disease, you may easily ignore it when you are feeling okay. Long-term complications may, however, evolve slowly and eventually be life-threatening. In fact, the disease can affect a major organ in your body such as blood vessels, your heart, eyes, nerves, and kidneys. You can prevent all these complications if you are able to control the glucose level in your blood.
If you have been experiencing any of these type 2 diabetes symptoms, it’s best that you see your doctor immediately. We hope this article from I Love My Shape has been informative enough.